Guidelines for the tourist visiting Egypt


General information about Egypt:

  • Area: 1,001,570 km ²
  • Population: 80,898,000 people
  • Population density: 74 pers. / Km ²
  • Ethnic groups: 98% of Arabs and Nubians, Beja, Berbers and others.
  • Administrative divisions: 26 governorates
  • Egypt's capital - Cairo
  • Language: Arabic
  • Religion: Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic Christians 9%, other Christian 1%
  • Time in Egypt: GMT + 2:00
  • Electricity: 220 V
  • The international dialing code of Uzbekistan: (998 xx)
  • Currency: Egyptian Pound

Location. It is a state in the north-eastern part of Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in Asia, so it is a country located in two continents.

It shares borders with Israel, the Palestinian National Authority (Gaza Strip), Sudan and Libya. In the north, the territory is washed the Mediterranean Sea, in the east - the Red Sea. Both seas are connected through artificial structures of the Suez Canal.

Climate – in the north it is subtropical, in the rest of the country it is a tropical desert with sharp daily fluctuations in temperature. The swimming season in Egypt is all year round and the water temperature in the Red Sea in the winter does not fall below +20 ° C degrees on the shore or below +22 ° C in corals (in the Red Sea corals would not grow if the water cooled below +22 ° C ), summer water temperature reaches +30 ° C. The hottest weather is in July and August and the level of the heat decreases in October.

Average air and water temperatures in Egypt:










































Currency. The currency of Egypt is Egyptian pound or the Egyptian lira (LE). One pound is composed of 100 piastres.1 U.S. dollar is equal about 6 pounds. They accept dollars in shops; however, in that case, the product will cost you more. You can exchange money in banks, airports, and in the exchange offices of hotels. Banks operate from 10.00 to 14.00 and from 18.00 to 21.00. The weekends are Saturday and Sunday and some banks do not work and Friday.  

Documents. Visa. The validity of the passport of a foreigner should not be less than 3 months. Tourist visa for up to one month is issued at the Egyptian Embassy in Tashkent in advance; the consular fee for a single entry visa is 30 USD and 40 USD for multiple one. Transit without visa is prohibited. A separate visa is not issued for children, who are under 12 years and listed in parents’ passport and they are listed in the visa of parents. There are not restrictions for the movement along the country; however, travelling alone to the south of the country, especially to Luxor and Aswan is undesirable. On all issues regarding obtaining visa to Egypt and the rules of entry and exit from the country, you should address the travel company where you have issued the permit or the Consular Section of the Embassy of Egypt: Tashkent, St.I.Okilov 10/53, tel. 120-50-08 / 120-60-21, fax 120-50-09.  

The system of service.  You have to be at the airport 3 hours before departure. A representative of the tour operator will be waiting for you there, from whom you can get a package of documents (your card of admission to Egypt, tickets, vouchers, insurance) and then you will move on to registration on your own.

Do not forget to bring your passport and if your minor child is traveling with one parent, do not forget to bring a certificate of proof of relationship and power of attorney. If your child is inscribed in your passport without a photo and he is 6 years old, you must attach his photo.

If you have all necessary documents in your hand, you go through passport registration, customs control and registration, which finishes 40 minutes before departure.

Package of documents: passport, voucher, insurance, air ticket, if necessary power of attorney for the child and a birth certificate and a certificate from the bank (when taking more than $ 2,000 per person)

Flight to Sharm El-Sheikh and Hurghada takes about 5 hours and 20 minutes.

On the plane you need to fill out an immigration card in English. When filling the card, seek the help of a flight attendant.

Upon arrival at the airport you will be met by the tour operator. After you present the voucher, they will put a stamp in the passport. After the passport and customs formalities, getting your luggage and registration, you will be accompanied by a representative of the company and get on the bus. Listen carefully to the information that the guide will tell on your way to the hotel in Egypt.

The guide will appoint time for meeting in the hotel lobby to provide additional information about the country and tours in Egypt. We warn you against referring to the private tour companies in which the guides do not have certificates for tours.

In case of loss of passport, baggage or ticket, please immediately inform the representative of the company who will tell how you can solve your problem.

Check-in time at the hotel is 12:00 pm. You can leave your luggage in the luggage room. You need to pay for additional services before the arrival of the bus. To avoid various complications, please do not be late and come to the specified place on time, Therefore, we kindly ask you pay all the extras in advance (mini-bar, telephone, etc.). 

Upon arrival at the airport the customs control of baggage is immediately carried out at the entrance. Next, you will go to the reception desk, where your flight number is shown, after which you hand over the luggage and get your boarding pass, and then go through passport control, in which you fill out the registration card of departure. Next, you will go to the departure lounge, where you will expect the announcement of landing of your flight.

Customs. You can take bank references up to $ 2,000 per person without registration from Uzbekistan and all other valuables are to be declared. In Egypt, the currency can be taken without restriction; taking out not more than $ 5,000 per person.  Taking out Egyptian local currency is prohibited. When leaving the country, you can exchange the Egyptian pounds to USD dollars, presenting exchange receipts. When bringing and taking out large amounts of currency, it is necessary to fill in the currency declaration at the customs at the airport. You must declare camcorder, jewelry and electronic equipment. Tourists, who are at the age of 20 are allowed to carry with them up to 1 liter of alcoholic beverages and 2 liters of beer, those who are over 15  can carry  200 cigarettes or 50 cigars. It is banned to take out antiquities, coral and other marine life (even picked up on the shore) from Egypt. In case of violation of this prohibition, you will be fined $1,000. For the importation of drugs into Egypt a severe punishment is imposed.

Museums. Museums close early (in winter – at 4pm and in summer – at 5pm) and keep this in mind when planning an independent trip to the museum. It is allowed to take pictures in museums, but without the flash and for additional charge. You can also shoot a video for an additional fee.       

 Shops. In winter shops are open from 9.00 to 20.00 with a lunch break from 12.00 to 14.00. Summer lunch break is from 14.00 to 16.00. Friday is a day off.  

The network of tax free - Duty Free shops are widely developed in Egypt. Shopping in these stores is made with a passport. Alcoholic beverages can only be purchased at these stores and the purchase is accompanied by a mandatory mark in the passport of the buyer. During their stay in the country, tourists can buy 3 liters of alcoholic beverages or 2 liters of hard liquors and one pack of beer. In June 1999, the Egyptian government adopted a resolution, in which it is stated that the tourists can make purchases at duty free shops within one day after their arrival in Egypt.

In the resort areas, most stores and souvenir shops do not have fixed prices and after bargaining the price can be reduced by 2-3 times.

Souvenirs. The most popular purchases in Egypt is papyrus and perfume oils and essences, as well as basalt statues, embossing, gold and silver, and precious stones malachite, cartouches, beetles, scarabs, hookah and traditional clothes.

Egypt is flooded with cheap imitations made ??of rice paper or banana leaf with stamped pattern, so you should buy papyri only in specialty stores, where they issue the quality certificates.  

Transport. In central part of the resorts along the coast micro buses run and they run frequently, but you need to get out on the highway and give a sound, as there are no regular bus-stops. Although the fare is fixed (2-3 pounds) it is worth negotiating the payment before getting on the bus. Do not hesitate to bargain with the driver. It is necessary to ask whether the driver will take you to your destination, because this is a private transport and the routine may change depending on the wish of passengers.   From distant hotels buses run according to the schedule hung in the lobby, the fare of which is 5-10 pounds.

The most convenient and at the same time inexpensive form of transportation in Egypt is a taxi and it is desirable to book it at the front desk or at the exit of the hotel. It is better to negotiate the price with the driver beforehand. The cost varies depending on the distance - from 10 LE to 50 LE.

You can also rent a car and the cost ranges from $70 (passenger car) up to 300 $ / day (SUV).  You must have a driver's license of international standard and a credit card or a deposit in the form of cash to rent a car. And always make sure that the car is fully insured. Please take into account the peculiarities of driving on the road as there are virtually no traffic rules there.  

The movement between distant cities is carried out with the caravan under police protection.

Telephone. In order to make a call to Uzbekistan, dial 00998, area code and phone number. The cheapest way to make a phone call is to use a phone card and call from the street payphone. It can be bought in the nearest offices of connection. In this case, one minute call will cost you about a dollar. The rate of the telephone office is $ 2 per minute. If you call from the hotel, the approximate cost of 1 minute of conversation is 3 dollars and at some hotels talk time is counted in 3 minutes.

Restaurants. The restaurants are mainly are located in the hotel territory. Entrance to the hotel is not limited and you can also visit numerous bars and discos. Keep in mind that if you bring liquor on the hotel grounds or discos you will have to pay a fine (about 100 pounds).

Egyptian cuisine is different with its spicy taste and is usually prepared using a huge quantity of different spices and sauces. If the prices of the meals are not given in menu, you should arrange the cost of lunch in advance and you can also bargain.

"ALL INCLUSIVE" System. "ALL INCLUSIVE" system is different in each hotel. But there is a rule that is common for all the hotels: free drinks are surely poured into glasses. All bottled drinks are paid separately. As a rule, fresh juices and ice cream you have ordered are also for an extra charge.

Buffet. Keep in mind that for dinner, all drinks are available for an additional fee. They usually buy the mineral water of local production called "Baraka".

Tip. The system of giving tips relates to waiters in restaurants and bars, hotel maids and porters, taxi drivers and tour guides and makes up 5-10% of the order value. Payment of tips is not mandatory, but if a client is happy with the service, tip is a sign of good taste. In some restaurants the tip is included in the bill.

Tip for small favors is called "baksheesh" here. You should never give more than 1 pound immediately. If you make a mistake or they expect more from you, then they will tell you themselves. 

Useful phone numbers - Embassy of Uzbekistan in Cairo: phone (2022) 336-17-23.

Hurghada (area code 065): Tourist Police 344-67-65; Police Department 344-63-59; Hospital 344-67-40; Airport 344-28-31;

Sharm El Sheikh (area code 069): Tourist Police 360-06-75; Police Department 366-03-06; Ambulance 360-05-54; Hospital 366-10-11; Airport 360-11-40.

Recommendations. The following are categorically not recommended: drink tap water (for cleaning teeth and washing fruits it is also better to use boiled or bottled water), soft drinks poured in glasses, buying ice for cooling drinks from the sellers trading in the street, alcohol abuse (consuming alcoholic drinks are not prohibited, a person can be arrested for being drunk in public places), drug dealing (Egyptian law stipulates the death penalty), taking photos of military objects, collecting fragments of historical monuments as "souvenirs", climbing the pyramids, swimming and sunbathing "topless", cutting and damaging corals, swimming in the Nile, walking barefooted or lying on the ground without bedding.  

You must keep in mind when deciding to ride a camel: you can sit on it for free, however, to get down, will have to pay.

Hotels are not responsible for your valuables and money, therefore use the safe (in most hotels there are electronic safes in the room, in some hotels you rent only the keys to the safe).

When going on a trip in Egypt, do not forget to take your passport.

Sea. When having a swim, try not to touch anything with your hands, as most fish are poisonous and corals can not be torn off (fines of up to $1000). We also suggest using special rubber shoes, which can be bought in local shops. If fish injures you or you step on a sea urchin, immediately leave the water and consult the doctor. We advise you to refrain from night swimming.

Clothes. We recommend wearing light cotton clothing and a hat. We recommend that women, who want to go to the city without a male escort, should try to be more conservative when choosing clothes. Long pants and cotton shirt closing hands are good to go sightseeing. For evening walks and trips to the felucca warm clothes, including sweater, warm shirt and a light jacket are needed. To climb the mountain of Moses you should have sports shoes and warm clothes in winter.

First Aid Kit - before the trip, create and grab a first aid kit that will help you with lung ailments, save your time looking for drugs and eliminate the problems of communicating in a foreign language. Besides, many drugs have different names in different countries. 

Pain killers and cardiovascular agents, drugs for indigestion, cholagogue, drugs against motion sickness, remedies for insect bites, bandages, waterproof adhesive plaster, barrier contraceptives, eye drops, sun creams and skin care creams after sun exposure.

Medical care. In Egypt there are public and private clinics, which deliver paid service, but if you have insurance policy, the service is free of charge or with subsequent reimbursements under insurance policy (see reminder attached to an insurance policy).